Republic Day of India – 26 January 2022

Republic day 2020 in India is going to be celebrated on the 26th of January, on Wednesday. In 2022, India is celebrating its 72nd Republic Day. First Republic Day of India was celebrated in 1950.


Republic day in India is celebrated every year with great honor on the 26th of January to honor the Constitution of India as it came into force on the same day in the year 1950. It had replaced the Government of India Act, 1935 into the governing document of India.

On this day, a national holiday is declared by the Indian Government. The new Indian constitution was sketched and approved by the Indian Constituent Assembly and decided to celebrate it on the 26th of January every year as India became a republic country.


The chief guests on Republic Day of India 2020.

Below is the list of names of Chief Guests and their Nations:

2020 President Jair Bolsonaro  Brazil 3rd invitation


As Independence Day in India is celebrated to enjoy the freedom of India from the British Rule, Republic Day in India is celebrated to commemorate the coming of its own constitution into force. Officially it is celebrated every year in the national capital of India (New Delhi) at the Rajpath in the presence of the President of India. Mini celebrations are also taking place in the state capitals in the presence of the governor of the state by spreading out the National Flag of the country.

January 26 is declared as the gazetted holiday all over the country by the Government of India. It is celebrated throughout India with great enthusiasm by the students and teachers in the schools, colleges, universities, and other educational institutions.

An excellent parade and salute event is held by the military team at the Rajpath in front of the India Gate in New Delhi, India.


Events and celebrations are organized with great effort by the Government of India all ready to celebrate the Republic Day in the Capital. A huge and grand military parade is held in the New Delhi at Rajpath as well as the state capitals. Participants from the Indian Army, Air Force, Navy, and traditional dance group takes part in the parades.

Parade held in the New Delhi starts especially when the prime minister of India offers garland at the Amar Jawan Jyoti at the India Gate. It is done to commemorate all the sacrifices of the Indian army soldiers while saving their country. The military salute is taken by the President of India during the parade in the Capital whereas military salute is taken by the state governors in the state capitals. At this special day, a foreign head of the state becomes the chief guest of the president.

National awards (Maha Veer Chakra, Ashok Chakra, Param Veer Chakra, Veer Chakra) and bravery medals are also distributed at this day to the soldiers of armed forces, common people and students from the school. Armed forces helicopters do the parade in the surrounding area of the India Gate to shower the rose petals over an audience. A dance parade by singing patriotic songs is also performed by the school children. Armed Forces staff performs the motorcycle rides whereas the staff from the Indian Air Force perform fly parade through the fighter planes (making tricolor of the Indian Flag by the smoke) for offering the honor salute to the president.

A range of traditional and cultural programs is performed by professionals from different states to focus on the history and culture of the country. During this grand celebration, a prime minister’s rally and Lok Tarang-National Folk Dance Festival is also held from 24th in January to the 29th of January.

All the Government and non Government offices of the nation and state including post offices, banks are closed on this day. Special security is organized at this day because of the huge crowd and prevent the common people from any problem.


India got freedom from the British Rule on the 15th of August in the year 1947. At that time, there was no permanent constitution of the country. The first time, the first draft of the Indian Constitution was presented by the drafting committee to the national assembly on the 4th of November in the year 1947. The first draft of the Indian Constitution was signed by the national assembly in both versions, the English and the Hindi on the 24th of January in the year 1950.

Then the Constitution of India came into effect on the Republic Day means the 26th of January in 1950. From then, the 26th of January was started celebrating as the Republic Day in India. On this day, India was declared as the Purna Swaraj Country thus it was started celebrating every year as the anniversary of the Purna Swaraj Day.

The Constitution of India brought the power to the Indian citizens to select their own government. The oath was taken by Dr. Rajendra Prasad as the first president of India at Durbar Hall in the Government House. India has a big history of celebrating the Republic day.


Republic Day is the symbol of true spirit for the independent India where military parades, exhibiting military equipment, salute to the national flag by the Indian president and variety of events are taking place on this day. Indian national flag has horizontally tricolor (upper saffron, middle white and bottom of dark green color divided in the equal proportion) and a wheel (navy blue color, having 24 spokes) in the center representing the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka.

India is a country having people of different cultures, societies, religions, and languages who interplay with each other harmoniously. Independence to India is great pride as it was obtained over years after facing a variety of obstacles and hurdles.

The day is celebrated every year to feel the Indian people very proud of living in a multicultural and independent country. Republic Day is celebrated in very colorful and exhilarating ways in order to make a memorable and significant celebration of the year. National Anthem is sing by the people who participated in the celebration. This celebration brings all the Indian people together in one place and thinks about one topic.


Like every year, India would follow the great Indian culture and tradition “Atithi Devo Bhav” of welcoming the Prime Minister of another country as a chief guest. Next year, the Republic Day 2016, India may heartily welcome the France President, Francois Hollande, as a chief guest at the Indian Republic Day. Below is the list of all the chief guests welcomed in India at each Republic Day from the year India was declared as the Republic country till 2016:

Year Guest Name Country
2020 President Jair Bolsonaro Brazil
2019 President Cyril Ramaphosa South Africa
2018 Sultan and incumbent Prime Minister, Hassanal Bolkiah
Prime Minister, Hun Sen
President, Joko Widodo
Prime Minister, Thongloun Sisoulith
Prime Minister, Najib Razak
President, Htin Kyaw
President, Rodrigo Roa Duterte
President, Halimah Yacob
Prime Minister, Prayuth Chan-Ocha
Prime Minister, Nguyễn Xuân Phúc
The Philippines
2017 Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan Abu Dhabi
2016 President, Francois Hollande France
2015 President, Barack Obama USA
2014 Prime Minister, Shinzo Abe Japan
2013 King, Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck Bhutan
2012 Prime minister, Yingluck Shinawatra Thailand
2011 President, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono Indonesia
2010 President, Lee Myung Bak Republic of Korea
2009 President, Nursultan Nazarbayev Kazakhstan
2008 President, Nicolas Sarkozy France
2007 President, Vladimir Putin Russia
2006 King, Abdullah bin Abdulaziz al-Saud Saudi Arabia
2005 King, Jigme Singye Wangchuck Bhutan
2004 President, Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva Brazil
2003 President, Mohammed Khatami Iran
2002 President, Cassam Uteem Mauritius
2001 President, Abdelaziz Bouteflika Algeria
2000 President, Olusegun Obasanjo Nigeria
1999 King, Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev Nepal
1998 President, Jacques Chirac France
1997 Prime Minister, Basdeo Panday Trinidad and Tobago
1996 President, Dr. Fernando Henrique Cardoso Brazil
1995 President, Nelson Mandela South Africa
1994 Prime Minister, Goh Chok Tong Singapore
1993 Prime Minister, John Major United Kingdom
1992 President, Mário Soares Portugal
1991 President, Maumoon Abdul Gayoom Maldives
1990 Prime Minister, Anerood Jugnauth Mauritius
1989 General Secretary, Nguyen Van Linh Vietnam
1988 President, Junius Jayewardene Sri Lanka
1987 President, Alan Garcia Peru
1986 Prime Minister, Andreas Papandreou Greece
1985 President, Raúl Alfonsín Argentina
1984 King, Jigme Singye Wangchuck Bhutan
1983 President, Shehu Shagari Nigeria
1982 King, Juan Carlos I Spain
1981 President, Jose Lopez Portillo Mexico
1980 President, Valéry Giscard d’Estaing France
1979 Prime Minister, Malcolm Fraser Australia
1978 President, Patrick Hillery Ireland
1977 First Secretary, Edward Gierek Poland
1976 Prime Minister, Jacques Chirac France
1975 President, Kenneth Kaunda Zambia
1974 President, Josip Broz Tito Yugoslavia
Prime Minister, Sirimavo Ratwatte Dias Bandaranaike Sri Lanka
1973 President, Mobutu Sese Seko Zaire
1972 Prime Minister, Seewoosagur Ramgoolam Mauritius
1971 President, Julius Nyerere Tanzania
1969 Prime Minister, Todor Zhivkov Bulgaria
1968 Prime Minister, Alexei Kosygin Soviet Union
President, Josip Broz Tito Yugoslavia
1965 Food and Agriculture Minister, Rana Abdul Hamid Pakistan
1963 King, Norodom Sihanouk Cambodia
1961 Queen, Elizabeth II the United Kingdom
1960 President, Kliment Voroshilov Soviet Union
1958 Marshall Ye Jianying People’s Republic of China
1955 Governor General, Malik Ghulam Muhammad Pakistan
1954 King, Jigme Dorji Wangchuck Bhutan
1950 President, Sukarno Indonesia

Republic Day (26 January) Parade


This is the real picture of the Republic Day parade at the Rajpath by the President’s Body Guards, coming out from the President’s house, wore the winter ceremonial dress. The Bodyguard of the President of India becomes a specially selected Indian Army from cavalry regiment, based in the Rashtrapati Bhawan, New Delhi, and a senior most unit of the Indian Army. The Bodyguards of the Indian President becomes fully responsible for guiding and protecting the President of India. They become fully equipped with equipment, BTR-60 vehicles to use in any combat and ride horses.

This is the photo of the Republic Day parade by displaying an Agni-ll Ballistic missile at the Rajpath. Agni-II is a great Indian ballistic missile with an intermediate-range having target capacity of around 3,500 km to 5,000 km deep to the neighboring countries. It has been developed as a most sophisticated Indian ballistic missile of its range having the circular error probable within 40 meters of range. After it, the Agni-III Ballistic missile of India has also been developed as its successor in the month of June in 2011.


This is an excellently decorated picture of the Lion Capital at the Rajpath on the occasion of celebrating the Republic Day of India. Just in front of the Lion Capital there is made the map of India decorated with the yellow flower. In the middle of the map, there is made an Indian Flag of tricolor. Below the map of India, there is made three circles of the flower under a big circle. How amazing look has this decorated Lion Capital.


This is the snap of the Republic Day parade by the exclusive BSF Camel Contingent of India at the Rajpath. BSF of India become the Border Security Force of the Government of India, under the administrative control of the Ministry of Home Affairs of India, which is responsible for guarding the international Indian borders. BSF becomes one of the specially selected Central Armed Police Forces which was established on the 1st of December in 1965 to guard the international borders of India in order to maintain the peace as well as to prevent trans-border crimes.

Indian BSF has the strength of around 240,000 personnel (both, men and women) divided into 186 battalions. Indian BSF is the largest border guarding forces all over the world. The first Director-General of the Indian BSF was the K. F. Rustomji who had founded the BSF in India and known as the “Founding Father of the Indian BSF”.

This is an amazing shot of the Republic Day parade by the Indian Army Madras Regiment at the Rajpath. The Madras Regiment of India is considered as the oldest regiment of the army formed in India during the 1750s (Madras town was founded in the year 1639). It has become an old Indian regiment that went through the various campaigns of the British Indian Army and continuously as an Indian Army.

Earlier during the 1660s, it was developed as Madras European Regiment by the East India Company, however; later during the 1750s, it was developed as a battalion by Major Stringer Lawrence. After independence, the Madras Regiment was formed which has become involved in various campaigns like humanitarian aid operations and UN peacekeeping missions.


PM Narendra Modi has paid floral tribute and gave a salute to the sacrificed Indian soldiers at Amar Jawan Jyoti at India Gate, Rajpath. He also signed the ceremonial book of the Republic Day celebration.


Prime Minister Narendra Modi with President of India (Shri Pranab Mukherjee) and Abu Dhabi Crown Prince (Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan) at Rajpath on Republic day of India.

UAE Contingent at Rajpath

UAE Contingent participation at the Republic Day Parade of India at Rajpath, India Gate.

Debut show by NSG (National Security Guard – a team of 140 commandos) at Rajpath on this Republic Day representing their brilliant skills.

Skill India Tableau

Skill India tableau at Rajpath promoting the skill development and entrepreneurship all through the country.

Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Tableau

Beti Bachao Beti Padhao tableau at Rajpath promoting people towards save the girl child and educate the girl child.

Display of Howitzer Dhanush (Made in India, designed by Ordnance Factories Board) at Rajpath. Its maximum firing range is 38 Km. It is a 155 mm towed howitzer to be used by the Indian Army.

A tableau by the Model Government School Delhi displaying the transforming education system for the bright future of students.

Central Board of Excise and Customs Tableau

A tableau by the Central Board of Excise and Customs displaying GST, the new tax system in India.

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