Martyrs Day in India (Shaheed Diwas) 2020

Martyrs Day (Sarvodaya Day or Shaheed Diwas) in India

Martyrs day in India is celebrated to pay homage to the victims who fought for the freedom, welfare, and progress of India and sacrificed their lives. It is celebrated every year all over the country on the 30th of January.

India is the country among the other 15 countries of the world where Martyrs Day is celebrated every year to pay homage to the freedom fighters.

Martyrs Day

Mahatma Gandhi was a Baniya (Merchant Cast) by birth but he always considered his religion humanity. For him, the war was the blunt weapon and he followed non-violence, the sharpest weapon for getting the freedom.


Martyrs Day (Sarvodaya Day or Shaheed Diwas) in India 2020 will be celebrated on 30th of January, on Thursday and 23rd of March, on Monday.

Martyrs’ Day is observed on 30th of January every year to honor all those who gave their life for the country. This day marks the death anniversary of the Father of Nation, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi who was assassinated by Nathuram Godse on the same day just a year after he got independence for the country.

Gandhiji played a significant role in the countries independence by fighting the British through non-violence.

Thus to honour and pay homage to this man of high esteem and all the martyrs who sacrificed their lives for the freedom, welfare, and progress of the country, a two minutes silence is observed throughout the country at 11 a.m.However originally the martyrdom of the soldiers while defending the sovereignty of the country during the freedom struggle was remembered on Republic Day, January 26 which then gave way to Jan 30.

Apart from the Prime Minister and the chiefs of the armed forces even the common men are requested to show their gratitude to the martyrs by observing a 2-minute silence from their normal routine of work.

Celebrations and Activities

Gandhiji Initially there were no major activities or celebrations happening on this day apart from people worshipping Mahatma Gandhi, the man of the symbol of virtues and greatness. At Rajghat, in front of the Samadhi of Gandhiji, all-religion prayers are held and bhajans are sung. Recently the day is witnessing celebrations, showcasing the latest weapon achievement and advertising military might.

On Martyr’s Day, the President, the Vice President, the Prime Minister, the Defence Minister, and the three service Chiefs gather at the Samadhi of Mahatma Gandhi at Rajghat and lay wreaths on the Samadhi decorated with multi-color flowers. The armed forces personnel blow the bugles sounding the Last Post. The inter-services contingent reverses arms as a mark of respect to the martyrs.

Indian Martyrs

Mahatma Gandhi
Bhagat Singh
Shivaram Rajguru
Sukhdev Thapar
Lala Lajpat Rai
Rani Lakshmibai

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