The International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination is observed annually on 21 March. On that day, in 1960, police opened fire and killed 69 people at a peaceful demonstration in Sharpeville, South Africa, against the apartheid pass laws. Proclaiming the day in 1966, the United Nations General Assembly called on the international community to redouble its efforts to eliminate all forms of racial discrimination.
International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination 2020 will be celebrated by people all over the world on the 21st of March, on Saturday.
International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination
The International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination is commemorated every year on 21st of March by the people all across the world in order to remove the racial inequality among people of a different country, states, society or community.
WHY INTERNATIONAL DAY FOR THE ELIMINATION OF RACIAL DISCRIMINATION IS CELEBRATED
Almost 69 people were killed by the police in the fire to oppose the apartheid passed laws in 1960 at a peaceful demonstration in the Sharpeville, South Africa.
It was then declared by the United Nations General Assembly to the international community as an international day for the elimination of racial discrimination in the year 1966 in order to remove all types of racial discrimination.
On the same day means 21st of March is celebrated each year as the Human Rights Day in South Africa which has been officially declared as the public holiday.
This event is being commemorated by the people worldwide on annual basis to remember all those people who had lost their lives in opposing the Apartheid regime or fighting for the democracy as well as demanding the equal human rights in South Africa.
The Sharpeville Massacre of South Africa is the main place during the Apartheid regime of 1960, 21st March for which the day is declared as the public holiday.
It is celebrated annually for increasing the awareness of the common public for the equal Human Rights as well as highlighting all the existing problems of racism in the field of sports in various countries of the world.
It was considered that sports are the better medium for combating the racism and racial discrimination among people all over the world.
Olympic Games were also established aiming the harmonious development of the man from different races as well as to resolve the social tensions and conflicts through the sports medium.
The 2001 Durban Declaration and Programme of Action, the UN Human Rights Council and The UNESCO Charter of Physical Education and Sport had supported, in collaboration with the intergovernmental organizations (international and regional sports federations, International Olympic Committee etc), and urged states to combat and eliminate the racism through the sports.
Variety of programmes and activities was started by the General Assembly in 1979 for eliminating the racism and racial discrimination. After years of struggle eliminating the racism, the apartheid system in South Africa has been removed and variety of laws or practices supporting racism in many countries has been eliminated.
HOW INTERNATIONAL DAY FOR THE ELIMINATION OF RACIAL DISCRIMINATION IS CELEBRATED
Variety of activities and events are organized while celebrating this event at the international level in many countries all over the world. A direct webcast is carried out from the UN headquarters on the day of celebration identifying all the special activities against racism by the UN leaders.
This event celebration provides an opportunity to the young people aiming to put their own opinions to fight for racism as well as promote tolerance.
A long debate among the young people on the related subjects takes place to discuss human rights and the elimination of racial discrimination. Other activities are also organized such as essays writing, photo exhibitions, publishing-related articles to promote and aware people to fight against racial discrimination.
INTERNATIONAL DAY FOR THE ELIMINATION OF RACIAL DISCRIMINATION THEMES
- > The theme for 2008 was “European Action Week against Racism 2008”.
- > The theme for 2009 was “respect for differences”.
- > The theme for 2010 was “Put Racism Offside” and “Disqualify Racism”.
- > The theme for 2011 was “Racism in Canada: Fact or fiction”.
- > The theme for 2012 was “Racism and Conflict”.
- > The theme for 2013 was “Racism and Sport”.
- > The theme for 2014 was “Racism and Conflict” and “The Role of Leaders in Combating Racism and Racial Discrimination”.
- > The theme for 2015 was “Learning from historical tragedies to combat racial discrimination today”.
- > The theme for 2016 was “challenges and achievements of the Durban Declaration and Programme of Action”.
- > The theme for 2017 was “United Against Racism: Dignity and Justice for All”.
- > The theme for 2018 was “ Promoting tolerance, inclusion, unity, and respect for diversity in the context of combating racial discrimination”.
- > The theme for 2019 is “ Mitigating and countering rising nationalist populism and extreme supremacist ideologies.“.
Top 10 Racism Quotes:-
“Racism is still with us. But it is up to us to prepare our children for what they have to meet, and, hopefully, we shall overcome.” Written by:- Rosa Parks
“Racism is taught in our society, it is not automatic. It is learned behavior toward persons with dissimilar physical characteristics.” Written by:- Alex Haley
“Racism and injustice and violence sweep our world, bringing a tragic harvest of heartache and death.” Written by:-Billy Graham
“Racism is beyond common sense and has no place in our society.” Written by:- Morrissey
“The word ‘racism’ is like ketchup. It can be put on practically anything – and demanding evidence makes you a ‘racist.’ ” Written by:- Thomas Sowell
“You get racism crossing the street; it’s in the very fabric of American society.” Written by:-Nina Simone
“Racism is a sign of ignorance, in my opinion. It’s people who haven’t been anywhere, haven’t seen the world.” Written by:-Tyson Fury
“Racism is a much more clandestine, much more hidden kind of phenomenon, but at the same time it’s perhaps far more terrible than it’s ever been.” Written by:-Angela Davis
“Racism isn’t born, folks, it’s taught. I have a two-year-old son. You know what he hates? Naps! End of list.” Written by:- Denis Leary
“Racism springs from the lie that certain human beings are less than fully human. It’s a self-centered falsehood that corrupts our minds into believing we are right to treat others as we would not want to be treated.” Written by:- Alveda King