National Science Day in India 2018 – Date, History, Theme, Objectives

National Science Day in India:- National Science Day is celebrated all over India with great enthusiasm on 28th of February every year in order to commemorate the invention of the Raman Effect in India by the Indian physicist, Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman on the same day in the year 1928. For his great success in the field of science in India, Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman was awarded and honored with the Nobel Prize in the Physics in the year 1930.



National Science Day in India

National Science Day in India

NATIONAL SCIENCE DAY 2018

National Science Day 2018 in India will be celebrated on 28th of February, on Wednesday.

When was the day declared as National Science Day?

In 1986, the National Council for Science and Technology Communication (NCSTC) asked the Government of India to designate 28 February as National Science Day which the then Govt. of India accepted and declared the day as National Science Day in 1986. The first National Science Day was celebrated on February 28, 1987.

What is Raman Effect?

Raman Effect is a phenomenon in spectroscopy discovered by the eminent physicist while working in the laboratory of the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Kolkata.

Raman Effect, change in the wavelength of light that occurs when a light beam is deflected by molecules. When a beam of light traverses a dust-free, transparent sample of a chemical compound, a small fraction of the light emerges in directions other than that of the incident (incoming) beam. Most of this scattered light is of unchanged wavelength. A small part, however, has wavelengths different from that of the incident light; its presence is a result of the Raman Effect.

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OBJECTIVES OF CELEBRATING NATIONAL SCIENCE DAY

The basic objective of observation of National Science Day is to spread the message of the importance of science and its application among the people. National science day is celebrated as one of the main science festivals in India every year with the following purpose-


  • To widely spread a message about the significance of scientific applications in the daily life of the people,
  • To display all the activities, efforts and achievements in the field of science for welfare of human being,
  •  To discuss all the issues and implement new technologies for the development of the science,
  • To give an opportunity to the scientifically minded citizens in the country,
  • To encourage the people as well as popularize the Science and Technology.

Activities on the Day:

Students of the schools and colleges demonstrate various science projects, as well as national and state science institutions, demonstrate their latest researches. The celebration also includes public speech, radio-TV talk shows, exhibitions of science movie, science exhibition based on themes and concepts, watching the night sky, live projects and researches demonstration, debates, quiz competitions, lectures, science models exhibitions and many more activities.

HOW NATIONAL SCIENCE DAY IS CELEBRATED

National science day is celebrated as one of the main science festivals in India every year during which students of the schools and colleges demonstrates various science projects as well as national and state science institutions demonstrates their latest researches. The celebration also includes public speech, radio-TV talk shows, exhibitions of science movie, science exhibition based on themes and concepts, watching the night sky, live projects and researches demonstration, debates, quiz competitions, lectures, science models exhibitions and many more activities.

It is celebrated every year with immense passion at the Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope (also called GMRT) at Khodad which is a worldwide famous telescope getting operated at low radio frequencies by the NCRA (National Centre for Radio Astrophysics) established by the TIFR (Tata Institute of Fundamental Research).

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Variety of activities is organized by the NCRA and GMRT at the ceremony of national science day celebration in order to recognize their leading research activities in the field of radio astronomy and astrophysics. Variety of programmes is also held for the common public and student community to popularize the science and technology in the country.




The minister of science and technology give a message through his speech at this day to the students, scientists, researchers and the general public of the nation.

National Science Day in India

National Science Day in India

THEMES OF NATIONAL SCIENCE DAY

  • The theme of National Science Day 1999 was “Our Changing Earth”.
  • The theme of National Science Day 2000 was “Recreating Interest in Basic Science”.
  • The theme of National Science Day 2001 was “Information Technology for Science Education”.
  • The theme of National Science Day 2002 was “Wealth from Waste”.
  • The theme of National Science Day 2003 was “50 years of DNA & 25 years of IVF – The blueprint of Life”.
  • The theme of National Science Day 2004 was “Encouraging Scientific Awareness in Community”.
  • The theme of National Science Day 2005 was “Celebrating Physics”.
  • The theme of National Science Day 2006 was “Nurture Nature for our future”.
  • The theme of National Science Day 2007 was “More Crop Per Drop”.
  • The theme of National Science Day 2008 was “Understanding the Planet Earth”.
  • The theme of National Science Day 2009 was “Expanding Horizons of Science”.
  • The theme of National Science Day 2010 was “Gender Equity, Science & Technology for Sustainable Development”.
  • The theme of National Science Day 2011 was “Chemistry in Daily Life”.
  • The theme of National Science Day 2012 was “Clean Energy Options and Nuclear Safety”.
  • The theme of National Science Day 2013 was “Genetically Modified Crops and Food Security”.
  • The theme of National Science Day 2014 was “Fostering Scientific Temper and Energy conservation”.
  • The theme of National Science Day 2015 was “Science for Nation Building”.
  • The theme of National Science Day 2016 was “Make in India: S&T driven innovations”.
  • The theme of National Science Day 2017 was “Science and Technology for specially abled persons”.
  • The theme of National Science Day 2018 is “Science and Technology for Sustainable  Future”.

 
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