Swachh Bharat Abhiyan in Rural Areas:- The central Government of India has launched many schemes from time to time to eradicate the problem of open defecation completely from rural areas. These schemes include Central Rural Sanitation Program in 1986, the Total Sanitation Campaign in 1999, Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan in 2012, and Swachh Bharat Abhiyan in 2014.
Swachh Bharat Abhiyan was launched on 2nd October 2014 by then Prime Minister Mr. Narendra Modi in the presence of other respected and important personalities. It is usually called Swachh Bharat Abhiyan and is just a replacement for Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan. Like previous Campaigns, This was also aimed at maintaining proper sanitation and hygiene in both, rural and urban areas of the country.
The Swachh Bharat Abhiyan was further divided into two sub-categories as “Swachh Bharat Mission (Rural/Gramin) and Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban/Shahari).
Swachh Bharat Mission – Gramin Areas
Swachh Bharat Mission – Gramin is also abbreviated as ‘SBM-G’. As said before, Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) is mainly focused on Gramin or rural areas of the nation and would focus on making them open defecation free by 2nd October 2019. During the last 3 censuses in India, it was observed that the percentage of households with toilets in rural areas is very less as compared to the houses with toilets in urban areas and can be considered one of the major reasons for increased open defecation in rural areas.
Objective Of Swachh Bharat Mission For Gramin Areas
As directed by the Ministry, there are four primary goals that the scheme Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) works on.
- The primary focus of the Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) is to completely eliminate open defecation from the villages. Indian rural areas are the center of open defecation and these are the places most people exercise it. A village free from open defecation will have a fresh and healthy environment which will help the people to change their lifestyle and live with proper hygiene.
- To motivate these communities and Panchayati Raj to adopt the cleanliness for their better health is like to motivate the whole village altogether.
- Sometimes the villages lack proper technology which is not their fault still they suffer to live an unhealthy life.
- There is a huge problem of wastes in the rural areas. Most of the villages in India do not have proper arrangements to dispose of their solid and liquid wastes. It is an unavoidable problem and the government has also made it one of its primary focuses to develop a community-managed solid and liquid waste management system.
These will equally help people to grow their health and live a disease-free life.
Institutional Framework Of Swachh Bharat Mission For Gramin Areas
Swachh Bharat Mission is a commendable step of the government of India but the first complication against it was to implement it in such a village-based country which ranks 2nd in the world by population. Its successful implementation was not less than a challenge for the Central Government.
The Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) has a five-level based implementation mechanism as discussed below:
- National Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin)
- State Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin)
- District Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin)
- Block Program Management Unit
- Gram Panchayat/Village and Water Sanitation Committee
Importance Of Swachh Bharat Mission For Rural Areas
It is clear beyond doubt that proper hygiene is the basic need, right, and demand of every citizen. Eradication of open defecation from the villages will remove the biggest obstacle in the path of the success of India. It will provide land for farming, gardening or manufacture.
It needs our support and will only be possible then. So let’s step ahead and participate in this campaign to make our village, open defecation free, dirt free, and disease-free. It is ,
“Cleanliness is Next to Godliness”.
Success Of Abhiyan In Gramin/Rural Areas
In the field of waste management, the provided says that 63.3% of the whole rural population is practicing Solid Liquid Waste Management.
The people in villages are also working on ‘waste to compost’ which will turn their wastes into useful composts after few days and they won’t need to buy extra compost from the around markets.
The Swachh Bharat Mission will only be successful when we will actively participate in it. It is a mission by us and for us so let’s promote cleanliness and gift it to our future generations.
More on Swachh Bharat Abhiyan:
An Initiative for Pollution/Garbage Free Diwali this Year: Swachh Bharat Abhiyan
Success Stories of Few Villages/Cities
Activities, Challenges, Success: Swachh Bharat Abhiyan
Swachh Vidyalaya Abhiyan: Swachh Bharat Mission
Swachh Bharat Abhiyan: Brand Ambassadors
Single-Use Plastic Ban: Swachh Bharat Abhiyan